Infection with the Human immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) weakens our immune System.
Symptons of HIV-infection may occur both at the beginning of HIV infectiion and after immune compromise sets in, leading to AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
HIV infection is passed from people who are already infected (HIV+) to persons who are not through unprotected sex(sexual intercourse without correct and consistent used of a condom) and through contact with infected blood and other bodily fluids. HIV can be transmitted through use of contaminated injecting equipment such as needles, razor blades and other skin piercing tools.
Furthermore, HIV can be transmitted through blood transfusions and transplants with contaminated human fluids or tissues.
Most people in cambodia who are infected with HIV caught the virus through unprotected sex with a HIV+ practise safer sex and use condoms properly when having sex(including sex with spouses and same sex partners for men).
Even when blood tests are negative for HIV, safer sex must be practised as a partner may have been exposed to infection, but still are in the window period between HIV exposure and detection of antibodies. HIV antibodiey may take between three and six months to be detectable in a blood test.
English language Document :
Policy on HIV AIDS-en (6.87 MB)